A very rare Rozenburg earthenware five-piece ‘Pagoda’ vase garniture, designed by Theo Colenbrander.
Comprising three covered vases and two ‘pillar’ vases, painted with a symmetrical pattern of floral and architectural motifs in midnight blue, yellow ochre, red brown and moss green on a cream ground. The lidded vases are 38 cm (15inch) high and the two pillar vases 25½ cm (10inch).
Painted factory mark, date code ‘C’ (1887) and painter’s monograms.
T.A.C. (Theodoor) Colenbrander (1841-1930)
Theodoor Colenbrander, born in Doesburg in 1841, started his career as an architect, but later emerged as a ceramic artist with a distinct style, combining abstract, highly stylized motifs with exotic shapes. Colenbrander was appointed as a designer and an artistic director of N.V. Pottery Factory Rozenburg in 1884, where he quickly became the creative force of the factory. His distinct style combined motifs inspired by exotic artworks with shapes influenced by his passion for architecture. This rare garniture, consisting of five parts, matches a striking shape, inspired by a pagoda, with a Persian decoration. Colenbrander did not want to adapt his designs to follow the fashion of the day, which created fractures in the relationship between him and the factory when it decided to commercialize in 1888. He left Rozenburg in September 1889 and started working as an interior designer, mainly designing carpets. He returned to ceramics in 1912 for the Plateelbakkerij Zuid Holland, but disappointed by the limited techical possibilities and quality, Colenbrander left just after one year. In 1921 when the Ram pottery factory was founded, Colenbrander at the age of 80, finally found his place where he could have all the artistic freedom to create new shapes and decorations and no expense was spared. This way of producing created financial problems for the factory, and when it was forced to start the production of household ceramics in 1925, Colenbrander left. He died just five years later.