Rozenburg Den Haag, 1896
This 46 cm high Rozenburg earthenware vase (model 71 ‘Japanese Vase’) was painted by Willem Frederik Haas and Samuel Schellink between 19 and 26 September 1896. However, the remarkable decorative design is most likely made by Dominicus de Ruiter. De Ruiter was appointed chef of the Rozenburg painting studio in August that year. He underwent education at the Academy of Visual Arts and worked as lithographer prior to his arrival at Rozenburg (source: Yvonne Brentjens, ‘Rozenburg Earthenware from The Hague circles’, page 119).
Famous art dealer Siegfried Bing opened his art dealership “L’Art Nouveau Bing’ a year earlier, in 1895. Bing had been a long time dealer in Japanese artefacts and prints, and when the West became enthralled by Japanese art and a true Japan mania started in 1880, Bing cleverly responded to it. He travelled to Japan, where he opened import and export companies in Yokohama and Kobe.
Bing’s imported Japanese prints had a particularly big impact on European artists. Even Vincent van Gogh was a keen buyer. Bing launched ‘Le Japon Artistique’ in 1888, a magazine filled with articles mainly about artworks from his own collection. In the first issue, Bing describes Japanese art as ‘Art Nouveau’, a New Art, which would have a lasting and alluring influence on Western art.
This statement proved prophetic, as Western artists later created their own movement based on Japanese art called Japonism, which turned out to be the birthplace of Art Nouveau as we know it.